Product: Management and Development
Product: Management and Development
Original Article

Expert system based on ontological model to support the detailed design of agricultural machinery: a case of hydraulic hoses

Juliana Schmidt, Margherita Peruzzini, Lucas Barboza Zattar Paganin, Roberto Shigueru Sato, Milton Borsato

Downloads: 1
Views: 746


A large amount of design information from different areas has become common in most organizations, this knowledge is dispersed in different formats and locations, and shared among different members of the design team; this fact hinders a synergic knowledge management and prevents its proper use by design engineers. Therefore, it is imperative that companies worry about the organization and adequate availability of this knowledge, by creating collaborative environments. In this sense, it is possible to associate the Knowledge-Based Engineering (KBE) approach. Through the concepts of KBE, this study proposes an expert system based on an ontology model to assist the decision-making process, from the storage and adequate availability of knowledge at the right time. Based on a literature review and a diagnosis made in a company of the agricultural machinery sector, the present work presents a solution able to meet the needs of its users (i.e. designers), as well as to improve the quality of decisions taken at the detailed design phase of a New Product Development (NPD) process. For that, a case of hydraulic hose design is explored. The application of the present proposal aims to facilitate the access to information, significantly reduce the appearance of failures along the NPD, as well as allow acquired knowledge to be used in subsequent projects (e.g., lessons learned).


Knowledge-Based Engineering, expert systems, ontology, New Product Development, agricultural machinery.


Abraham, A. (2005). Rule-based expert systems. In P. Sydenham (Ed.), Handbook of measuring system design (Vol. 1, pp. 909-919). Chichester: Wiley.

Ahlers, D., Mehrpoor, M., Kristensen, K., & Krogstie, J. (2015). Challenges for information access in multidisciplinary product design and engineering settings. In 2015 Tenth International Conference on Digital Information Management (ICDIM) (pp. 109-114). Piscataway: IEEE.

Albarello, N., Arnold, A., & Budinger, M. (2016). Future challenges in mechatronics. In P. Hehenberger & D. Bradley (Eds.), Mechatronic futures (pp. 25-39). Cham: Springer.

Bechhofer, S. (2009). OWL: Web Ontology Language. In L. Liu & M. Ozsu (Eds.), Encyclopedia of database systems. Springer.

Belkadi, F., Notin, A., Drémont, N., & Troussier, N. (2012). A meta-model for knowledge representation in engineering design. IFAC Papers Online, 45(6), 1641-1646.

Bermell-García, P., & Fan, I. (2002). A KBE system for the design of wind tunnel models using reusable knowledge components. In Proceedings of the VI International Conference on Project Engineering (pp. 594-604). Barcelona.

Berners-Lee, T., Hendler, J., & Lassila, O. (2001). The semantic web. Scientific American, 284(5), 34-37.

Blanchet, M., Rinn, T., Von Thanden, G., & Thieulloy, G. (2014). Industry 4.0: the new industrial revolution: how Europe will succeed (pp. 1-24). München: Roland Berger Strategy Consultants GmbH.

Boose, J. H. (1985). A knowledge acquisition program for expert systems based on personal construct psychology. International Journal of Man-Machine Studies, 23(5), 495-525.

Borsato, M., Estorilio, C. C. A., Cziulik, C., Ugaya, C. M. L., & Rozenfeld, H. (2010). An ontology building approach for knowledge sharing in product lifecycle management. International Journal of Business and Systems Research, 4(3), 278-292.

Brunetti, F. (2008). Mecânica dos fluidos (2. ed). São Paulo: Pearson Prentice Hall.

Chandrasegaran, S. K., Ramani, K., Sriram, R. D., Horváth, I., Bernard, A., Harik, R. F., & Gao, W. (2013). The evolution, challenges, and future of knowledge representation in product design systems. Computer Aided Design, 45(2),

Chang, X., Sahin, A., & Terpenny, J. (2008). An ontologybased support for product conceptual design. Robotics and Computer-integrated Manufacturing, 24(6), 755-762.

Chapman, C. B., & Pinfold, M. (2001). The application of a Knowledge-Based Engineering approach to the rapid design and analysis of an automotive structure. Advances in Engineering Software, 32(12), 903-912.

Chen, W., & Hirschheim, R. (2004). A paradigmatic and methodological examination of information systems research from 1991 to 2001. Information Systems Journal, 14(3), 197-235.

Chryssolouris, G., Mavrikios, D., Papakostas, N., Mourtzis, D., Michalos, G., & Georgoulias, K. (2009). Digital manufacturing: history, perspectives, and outlook. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Part B, Journal of Engineering Manufacture, 223(5), 451-462.

Chungoora, N., Cutting-Decelle, A.-F., Young, R. I. M., Gunendran, G., Usman, Z., Harding, J. A., & Case, K. (2013). Towards the ontology-based consolidation of production-centric standards. International Journal of Production Research, 51(2), 327-345.

Cleven, A., Gubler, P., & Hüner, K. M. (2009). Design alternatives for the evaluation of design science research artifacts. In Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Design Science Research in Information Systems and Technology (DESRIST ’09) (pp. 19). ACM Digital Library.

Cooper, D., & La Rocca, G. (2007). Knowledge-Based Techniques for developing engineering applications in the 21st century. In Proceedings of the 7th AIAA ATIO Conference (pp. 146-167). Reston: American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics.

Curran, R., Verhagen, W. J. C., Van Tooren, M. J. L., & Van Der Laan, T. H. (2010). A multidisciplinary implementation methodology for Knowledge-Based Engineering: KNOMAD. Expert Systems with Applications, 37(11), 7336-7350.

DAML Ontology Library. (2016). Retrieved in 2016, May 1, from

DMOZ. (2016). Retrieved in 2005, May 1, from

Dresch, A., Lacerda, D. P., & Antunes Júnior, J. A. V. (2015). Design science research: método de pesquisa para avanço da ciência e tecnologia. Porto Alegre: Bookman.

Ensslin, L., Ensslin, S. R., & Vianna, W. B. (2007). O design na pesquisa quali-quantitativa em engenharia de produção: questões a considerar. Revista Gestão Industrial, 3(3), 172-185.

Ensslin, L., Ensslin, S. R., Lacerda, R. T. O., & Tasca, J. E. (2010). ProKnow-C, knowledge development processconstructivist: processo técnico com patente de registro pendente junto ao INPI (Vol. 10, No. 4, pp. 150). Brasil.

Feilmayr, C., & Wöß, W. (2016). An analysis of ontologies and their success factors for application to business. Data & Knowledge Engineering, 101, 1-23.

Frank, U. (2007). Evaluation of reference models. In P. Fettke & P. Loos (Eds.), Reference modeling for business systems analysis (pp. 118-140). IGI Global.

Schiuma, G., Gavrilova, T., & Andreeva, T. (2012). Knowledge elicitation techniques in a knowledge management context. Journal of Knowledge Management, 16(4), 523-537.

Gruber, T. R. (1993). A translation approach to portable ontology specifications. Knowledge Acquisition, 5(2), 199-220.

Grüninger, M., & Fox, M. S. (1995). Methodology for the design and evaluation of ontologies. In International Joint Conference on Artificial Inteligence (IJCAI95), Workshop on Basic Ontological Issues in Knowledge Sharing (pp. 1-10). Montreal.

Hevner, A., & Chatterjee, S. (2010). Design science research in information systems. In A. Hevner & S. Chatterjee (Eds.), Design research in information systems (Vol. 22, pp. 9-22). United States of America: Springer.

Igba, J., Alemzadeh, K., Gibbons, P. M., & Henningsen, K. (2015). A framework for optimising product performance through feedback and reuse of in-service experience. Robotics and Computer-integrated Manufacturing, 36, 2-12.

Imran, M., & Young, B. (2015). The application of common logic based formal ontologies to assembly knowledge sharing. Journal of Intelligent Manufacturing, 26(1), 139-158.

Ivezic, N., Kulvatunyou, B., & Srinivasan, V. (2014). On architecting and composing through-life engineering information services to enable smart manufacturing. Procedia CIRP, 22, 45-52.

Kaljun, J., & Dolšak, B. (2012). Ergonomic dejm. International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, 42(1), 162-171.

Kim, K.-Y., Manley, D. G., & Yang, H. (2006). Ontology-based assembly design and information sharing for collaborative product development. Computer Aided Design, 38(12), 1233-1250.

Lacerda, D. P., Dresch, A., Proença, A., & Antunes Júnior, J. A. V. (2013). Design Science Research: método de pesquisa para a engenharia de produção. Gestão & Produção, 20(4), 741-761.

Lee, J., Bagheri, B., & Kao, H.-A. (2015). A Cyber-Physical Systems architecture for Industry 4.0-based manufacturing systems. Manufacturing Letters, 3, 18-23.

Liao, S.-H. (2005). Expert system methodologies and applications: a decade review from 1995 to 2004. Expert Systems with Applications, 28(1), 93-103.

Likert, R. (1932). A technique for the measurement of attitudes. Archives de Psychologie, 22(140), 1-55.

Mcharek, M., Azib, T., Hammadi, M., Choley, J. Y., & Larouci, C. (2018). Knowledge sharing for mechatronic systems design and optimization. IFAC-PapersOnLine, 51(11), 1365-1370.

Mcharek, M., Hammadi, M., Azib, T., Larouci, C., & Choley, J.-Y. (2019). Collaborative design process and product knowledge methodology for mechatronic systems. Computers in Industry, 105, 213-228.

Monticolo, D., Badin, J., Gomes, S., Bonjour, E., & Chamoret, D. (2015). A meta-model for knowledge configuration management to support collaborative engineering. Computers in Industry, 66, 11-20.

Nick, M. R. (2008). Knowledge technologies. Retrieved in 2016, May 1, from

Noy, N. F., & MacGuinness, D. L. (2001). Ontology development 101: a guide to creating your first ontology. Stanford: Stanford University.

Owen, R., & Horváth, I. (2002). Towards product-related knowledge asset warehousing in enterprises. In Proceedings of the 4th International Symposium on Tools and Methods of Competitive Engineering (TMCE) (Vol. 2002, pp. 155-170). Wuhan: Citeseer.

Pahl, G., & Beitz, W. (2007). Engineering design for producibilty and reliability (3rd ed.). London: Springer.

Panetto, H., Dassisti, M., & Tursi, A. (2012). ONTO-PDM: Product-driven ONTOlogy for Product Data Management interoperability within manufacturing process environment. Advanced Engineering Informatics, 26(2), 334-348.

Parsia, B., Sirin, E., & Kalyanpur, A. (2005). Debugging OWL ontologies. In Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on World Wide Web (pp. 633-640). New York:

Peffers, K., Tuunanen, T., Rothenberger, M. A., & Chatterjee, S. (2007). A design science research methodology for information systems research. Journal of Management Information Systems, 24(3), 45-77.

Pinto, H. S., & Martins, J. P. (2004). Ontologies: how can they be built? Knowledge and Information Systems, 6(4), 441- 464.

Pokojski, J., & Szustakiewicz, K. (2012). Extended KBE scenario of an application development, concurrent engineering approaches for sustainable product development in a multi_disciplinary environment. In J. Stjepandic, G. Rock & C. Bil (Eds.), Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Concurrent Engineering (pp. 291–302). Springer.

Pokojski, J., Gil, M., & Szustakiewicz, K. (2011a). Extended KBE in mechanical engineering discussion of concepts, improving complex systems today. In D. D. Frey, S. Fukuda & G. Rock (Eds.), Proceedings of the 18th ISPE International Conference on Concurrent Engineering (Advanced Concurrent Engineering) (pp. 267-274). Springer-Verlag.

Pokojski, J., Gil, M., & Szustakiewicz, K. (2011b). Extended KBE in mechanical engineering discussion of solutions, improving complex systems today. In D. D. Frey, S. Fukuda & G. Rock (Eds.), Proceedings of the 18th ISPE International Conference on Concurrent Engineering (Advanced Concurrent Engineering) (pp. 275-284). Springer-Verlag.

Pokojski, J., Gil, M., & Szustakiewicz, M. K. (2010). Engineering knowledge modeling in design. In J. Pokojski, S. Fukuda & J. Salwiński, (Eds.), New world situation: new directions in concurrent engineering (pp. 257-266). Springer-Verlag.

Pokojski, J., Szustakiewicz, K., & Jusis, J. (2013). Collaborative engineering knowledge modeling for KBE applications development. Polish - Mechanik Nr 7, (7), 701-710.

Protégé. (2016). Protégé Versão 5.0. Stanford Center for Biomedical Informatics Research. Stanford: Stanford University.

Rahmani, K., & Thomson, V. (2012). Ontology based interface design and control methodology for collaborative product development. CAD Computer Aided Design, 44(5), 432-444.

Rychener, M. D. (2012). Expert systems for engineering design. Pittisburgh: Academic Press.

Sajja, P. S., & Akerkar, R. (2010). Knowledge-based systems for development. In Akerkar, R. A. & Sajja, P. S. (Eds.), Advanced knowledge based systems: models, applications & research (Vol. 1, pp. 1-11). Kolhapur: Technomathematics Research Foundation.

Schmidt, J., Borsato, M., Hinckel, E., MacCari, F., Storrer, P., & Onofre, E. (2016). A framework for capturing and applying design knowledge in complex systems (Advances in Transdisciplinary Engineering, Vol. 4, pp. 989-998). Amsterdam: IOS Press.

Sheth, A. P., & Larson, J. A. (1990). Federated database systems for managing distributed, heterogeneous, and autonomous databases. ACM Computing Surveys, 22(3), 183-236.

Simon, H. A. (1996). The sciences of the artificial (3rd ed.). Cambridge: MIT Press.

Staab, S., & Studer, R. (2013). Handbook on ontologies (2nd ed.). Berlin: Springer Science & Business Media.

Stardog. (2017). Stardog Version 5.0. Arlington: Stardog Union.

Subrahmanian, E., Rachuri, S., Fenves, S. J., Foufou, S., & Sriram, R. D. (2005). Product lifecycle management support: a challenge in supporting product design and manufacturing in a networked economy. International Journal of Product Lifecycle Management, 1(1), 4-25.

Ullman, D. G. (2015). The mechanical design process. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Uschold, M., & Gruninger, M. (1996). Ontologies: principles, methods and applications. The Knowledge Engineering Review, 11(2), 93-136.

Valilai, O. F., & Houshmand, M. (2013). A collaborative and integrated platform to support distributed manufacturing system using a service-oriented approach based on cloud computing paradigm. Robotics and Computer-integrated Manufacturing, 29(1), 110-127.

Verhagen, W. J. C., Bermell-Garcia, P., Van Dijk, R. E. C., & Curran, R. (2012). A critical review of Knowledge-Based Engineering: an identification of research challenges. Advanced Engineering Informatics, 26(1), 5-15.

Yassine, A. A., Sreenivas, R. S., & Zhu, J. (2008). Managing the exchange of information in product development. European Journal of Operational Research, 184(1), 311-326.

5fbd4a9d0e88256b3d004093 pmd Articles
Links & Downloads


Share this page
Page Sections